Brigadier General Henry K. Craig was born in Pittsburgh on March 7, 1791 and was named in honor of the Revolutionary War Chief of Artillery, a good friend of Craig’s father.
As Chief of Ordnance during the years 1851 to 1861, he supported the development of numerous weapons systems that were indispensable to the U.S. Army during the American Civil War.
For example, due to his direct efforts, the 12-pounder cannon which became the mainstay of the Union Army's heavy artillery, was ready for expanded production at the start of hostilities. General Craig also assured that the artillery ammunition production base was satisfactory to support the expanding Union Army.
In addition to his great contribution to wartime readiness, he was also noted for his ability to obtain adequate appropriations for the Ordnance Corps during austere times. During his tenure, the breech-loading small arms were tested by the Ordnance Department, and the rifled musket was adapted and introduced. General Craig retired in 1863 and died on December 7, 1869.